Itatech Guidelines on Monitoring Frequencies in Urban Tunnelling

Responding to an increasing demand of underground infrastructures monitoring of hydro-geotechnical and structural parameters during the construction of urban tunnels in soils and rock (except hard rock) is a field of activity which has seen impressive technological changes and progress in the past years. Monitoring has thus become an essential part of the overall risk management which normally is implemented for such type of construction works.

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